Incorporating voluntary and mandatory male counselling to prevent violence against women into an Indonesian women’s shelter : on-going results and challenges. (印尼婦女庇護所透過自願與強制男性諮商預防針對女性的暴力:現況與挑戰)

11/07/2019 - 10:35 to 11/07/2019 - 12:05
Proposal(Workshop / Presentation)
Coordinating organization: 
Rifka Annisa
Emerging Issues
Organization Name: 
Rifka Annisa
Proposer: Suharti Muklas
Describe your workshop/presentation (300-500 words): 
Rifka Annisa was established as the first Women’s Shelter in Indonesia in 1992. Because most of the witnessed cases (more than 5000) stemmed from violence in the home and these victims tended to return to their family -- making them highly vulnerable to experience the cycle of violence again -- Rifka Annisa started to develop a new strategy which was engaging men in preventing and responding to GBV.

Besides being part of a multi-country gender based violence (GBV) prevention program (2016-2020) called Prevention+ (2016-2020), it has several programs in the community as well as giving state mandatory counseling services and voluntary counseling to men. Mandatory counseling for perpetrators has been made obligatory under The Domestic Violence Law (23/2004) in article 50. Rifka Annisa is working closely with a wide ranch of stakeholders, such as the police, religious offices, traditional leaders, the Indonesian government and courts and has conducted advocacy activities to ensure this mandatory counseling for men is implemented.

Both types of counseling use The Toolkit for Men: Male counselling in the context of of Intimate Partner Violence , a counselling intervention developed by Rifka Annisa, Rutgers and Mosaic ( ). Twelve sessions are offered , a package of modules which work from a human rights framework. It aims to increase and change the knowledge, attitude, behaviors and skillsl of men to end violence and to become a respectful partner. Topics like around masculinities, gender, sexualities, power sharing, communication, anger management, and building healthy relationship in a family are addressed.

The two types of male counseling, voluntary and mandatory, have different strengths, weaknesses and outcomes and therefore the main aim of the workshop will be comparing these types of interventions and discuss their benefits and limitation. It explains how Rifka Annisa has imbedded male counselling in a set of strategies and highlight what the results have been, whilst working closely with women, the survivors of violence. It will discuss the differences of the methods around particularly drop-out issues, resources needed, monitoring processes and accountability mechanism to the victims.

An exercise will be facilitated and the audience will be invited to share their experiences in working with men in the work of Women’s Shelters, and critical observations andbut also future opportunities will be discussed. The floor will be opened to debate the benefits and limitations of these approaches and how to mitigate the risks of engaging men in GBV prevention. Lastly, throughout the workshop, it will talk about how to always keep protecting women’s and children’s safety and how shelters can prioritize and always stay accountable to women clients at shelters. All of the concrete lessons and recommendations from the workshop will be taken forward in Rifka Annisa’s future work.

In the workshop, part of a short video called “Heart of the Matter” ( ) will be shown and a small illustration of the Toolkit for Men will be given.